Stirring Up a Hornet's Nest

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About the author:
The LAMAR Institute was incorporated in the state of Georgia as a non-profit organization for the purpose of conducting archaeological research in the southeastern United States and educating the public about archaeology. Since its inception in 1982 the LAMAR Institute has sponsored a wide range of projects to achieve these ends. The LAMAR Institute has worked closely with Universities, Federal agencies, State agencies, and private organizations in conducting this work. Projects range from an art exhibition of contemporary Native American art to archaeological excavations at the "dead town" of New Ebenezer in the south Georgia swamp. Of paramount concern in all LAMAR Institute projects is the rapid dissemination of accurate factual information about the project to the general public.

Stirring Up a Hornet's Nest

The Kettle Creek Battlefield Archaeology Study

Authored by Mr. Daniel T. Elliott
Edition: Report Number 131

Categorized in American Revolution, Archaeology, Genealogy, Battlefield Archaeology American Revolution, Archaeology, Battlefield Archaeology, Georgia, Loyalist, Loyalists and Revolutionary War. Evidence from the 2008 historical archeology study of the Kettle Creek battlefield in Wilkes County, Georgia shows "footprints" where the battle of Kettle Creek (February 14, 1779) took place. This is not just an archeological study about the Battle of Kettle Creek February 14, 1779, but it identifies those patriots who served there and identifies loyalist as well. This study sets the stage for the development of the Kettle Creek Battlefield Park. . This project was funded by the Preserve America grant program of the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. The City of Washington, Georgia received this grant in the 2007 grant cycle and, after a competitive bidding process, The LAMAR Institute was retained to perform the work. The project began in February, 2008 was completed in December, 2008.
Recognized as one of the most significant battles in Georgia during the American Revolution, the battle of Kettle Creek took place on Sunday morning, February 14, 1779. The battle, which began about 10 A.M., lasted no more than four hours. By 2 P.M. those Loyalist Volunteer militia who were not killed, captured or wounded had fled the scene of the battlefield. The Patriots gathered up their wounded, assessed their booty left in haste by the Loyalists, and prepared to continue their march. The Patriots lingered for several hours, at least as long as it took Colonel John Boyd to expire from his wounds, and then they moved out from the scene of the battlefield. Several Loyalist prisoners, who were captured by the Patriots in the battle, were left behind as a burial crew. In exchange for burying the battlefield dead, these men were to report to Colonel Andrew Pickens, where they were to receive their parole, and then return to their homes in the Carolinas.
In February 2008 a team of historical archeologists returned to the Kettle Creek battlefield to conduct a "forensic" investigation, 229 years later. The team gathered historical documents and original testimony about the battle, located battlefield clues including artifacts and various aspects of the battlefield landscape, analyzed various battle scenarios presented by previous sleuths, and prepared this report of summary findings. The battle of Kettle Creek was without a doubt a cold case file. A comprehensive research approach, termed "Battlefield Archeology", was the strategy used to solve this case. This systematic study used the battle evidence to create an improved interpretation of what happened at Kettle Creek. As a result we now have firmly established landmarks associated with the battle and physical evidence of the battle. Together, this battle landscape and the information derived from the tangible remains allows for an improved story of a very important event in American history.

Publication Date:
148406772X / 9781484067727
Page Count:
Binding Type:
US Trade Paper
Trim Size:
8.5" x 11"
Full Color
Related Categories:
Social Science / Archaeology

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