TCR Singles 26-3 Yick Wo v. Hopkins

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The Concord Review, Inc., was founded as a nonprofit corporation in Massachusetts in March 1987 to recognize and to publish exemplary history essays by high school students in the English-speaking world.

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TCR Singles 26-3 Yick Wo v. Hopkins

Authored by Will Fitzhugh

TCR Singles Contains one featured essay from a previous issue of The Concord Review (TCR).

TCR contains essays from a unique international journal of exemplary history research papers by secondary students of history.

This issue features:
"Yick Wo v. Hopkins" was written by Jeremy Chung Hoon Chung Hoon Rhee while attending Trinity School in New York, New York

During the mid-to-late 1800's, large scale Chinese immigration and settlement into California occurred, resulting in a large amount of racial hostility and discrimination from many sides. Legally, the City of San Francisco passed an ordinance (which was instantly replicated in nearby communities) making the operation of Chinese-owned laundries nearly impossible due to egregious licensing requirements, which were rarely enforced against white residents. Wo, a Chinese laundry business owner, successfully challenged the law on constitutional grounds and won a complete reversal, making Yick Wo. v. Hopkins the first Supreme Court case to declare a state law unconstitutional on the basis of the Fourteenth Amendment's "Equal Protection Clause." Through the reexamination of the decision, I have determined that the Supreme Court upheld Yick Wo's rights not because it was ready to put racial discrimination in the past, but because of more practical and political factors: the Supreme Court's respect for business owners and Chinese workers during the Gilded Age, the influence of the 19th century social hierarchy of brownness, and the Supreme Court's support for greater federal power in how both the Supremacy Clause and Fourteenth Amendment applied to states.

Publication Date:
1530316944 / 9781530316946
Page Count:
Binding Type:
US Trade Paper
Trim Size:
6" x 9"
Black and White
Related Categories:
History / General

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