The International Faces of Chronic Pain

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About the author:
Dr. Stephen R. Levitt, M.D., Ph.D. has been Director of Research at Pain Resource Center, Inc., a research based company, since its founding in 1983. Dr. Levitt is responsible for the development of several important assessment tools in the fields of chronic pain and temporomandibular joint disorders.

The Chronic Pain Battery(tm) is a comprehensive, multidimensional, computer scored assessment tool that performs a bio-psycho-social-behavioral analysis of the chronic pain patient's problems. Used by medical practitioners, with a version recently developed for direct patient use. Info. at

The TMJ Scale(tm) is a widely recognized, highly accurate, thoroughly researched and published assessment tool used across the U.S. and Internationally by TMJ specialists. Info. at

Dr. Levitt has about 40 publications in the scientific and Medical/Dental literature and has been an invited speaker at many major Academies and Health Professional Organizations. He has also developed educational training aides for both clinicians and patients in the fields of chronic pain and TMJ disorders.

Dr. Levitt has been a member of numerous health related organizations including the American Pain Society, The International Association for the Study of Pain, The Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine, The American Psychiatric Association, The American Dental Association and others.

Dr. Levitt is a former Adjunct Associate Professor, Dept. of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Liaison to the Interdisciplinary Clinical Pain Program, Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, University of North Carolina and North Carolina Memorial Hospital, Chapel Hill, N.C., U.S.A.

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The International Faces of Chronic Pain

Pain Drawings by Patients with Chronic Pain

Authored by Dr. Steve R Levitt MD,PhD
Edition: 1

Chronic Pain Patients from 8 Countries draw pictures representing their subjective experience of pain "When It Hurts The Most." They also rate their pain on a 0-10 scale, indicate its location and duration, and write a verbal description of their pain for comparison. Age, sex, marital status, Natonality, years of school are included along with their Doctor's diagnosis and/or Clinical Notes.

Countries from which these patients and drawings come from include the U.S., Australia, England, Finland, Germany, Scotland, Sweden and Syria. These drawings and related information were voluntarily contributed by patients and their doctors as part of a multinational research study organized and conducted by the books author Dr. Stephen R. Levitt, MD, PhD.

These unique and often very powerful pain drawings vary from simple to highly detailed. Along with the patient's written description of their pain, these drawings offer the reader a highly personal and intimate look at pain from the patient's perspective. The ways in which the patients use these drawings to visually represent their pain can have a profound effect on the viewer and allow for deeper insight into an intense and highly personal experience which is often very difficult to communicate to others including healthcare providers and care givers.

Publication Date:
1537573454 / 9781537573458
Page Count:
Binding Type:
US Trade Paper
Trim Size:
6" x 9"
Full Color
Related Categories:
Medical / Pain Medicine

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